KETO DIET The ketogenic diet is a diet that assumes an increase in fat supply while limiting carbohydrate intake. However, in order for it to be effective and not pose a threat to the body, it should be carried out only under the supervision of a doctor and dietitian.
The PALEO DIET assumes a return to the paleolithic man’s eating habits. It is based on protein sources – venison and seafood. Saturated fats are replaced with polyunsaturated fats and maximum carbohydrate reduction is sought. Paleolithic diet is not low in meals, so it will not work well for those who want fasts.
INTERMITTENT FASTING (IF for short) is a diet that consists of taking food only for a specific period of time during the day or week, the rest of the time we deliberately refrain from eating. There are different versions of intermittent post. The most popular is 16/8, in which we fast for 16 hours, and eat meals in an 8-hour feeding window. In practice, this means that we leave breakfast in the morning, we eat the first meal only at noon, and the last at 20.00 at the latest. The duration of a feeding window should be adjusted individually so that it can fit the amount of food that will meet our energy and nutrient requirements. Those who approach this issue more rigorously reduce the window time, e.g. to 4 hours
VEGETARIANISM is a diet based on the elimination of all types of meat, including poultry, fish and seafood. Vegetarian diet is based mainly on plant foods. Depending on the type of vegetarianism, it is sometimes allowed to eat dairy products (lactovegetarianism), eggs (ovovegetarianism), fish (pescowegetarianism) and poultry (semi-vegetarianism). The most popular variant of the vegetarian diet is lacto-ovo-vegetarianism, which allows the consumption of dairy products and eggs. Veganism, in turn, is a type of vegetarianism in which all animal products are excluded.
The FODMAP diet is a diet containing few saccharides that ferment. We are talking here mainly about oligo-, di- and monosaccharides, as well as polyols with as few carbohydrates as possible, mainly simple sugars. It is recommended for people suffering from irritable bowel syndrome, in short – IBS (irritable bowel syndrome).
The LOW CARB DIET is a low carbohydrate diet that is designed to program the body to use fats as the main source of energy. Then it is able to metabolize proteins to simpler compounds that can be used as an energy source for the brain and the most important organs.